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Find out more about the history of St Neots, a market town in Cambridgeshire, within the historic county of Huntingdonshire. The town originally developed next to a medieval priory in the form of market stalls. These were replaced over the years by permanent structures, which defined the boundaries of today’s Market Square. There is evidence of earlier inhabitants and archaeological digs have shown the first settlements in the valley were in Neolithic times. There is also evidence of pre-Roman and Roman activity in the area, but the main history of the town begins with the founding of St Neots Priory in medieval times.

St Neots and the Victorians

St Neots from the Norman conquest to the Civil War

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Norman and mediaeval

Initial control of the area by the Normans was from Bedford and Huntingdon with the river forming the boundary between the two. There were two manors…

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Tudor

Henry VIII became King in 1509, and when he severed the connection with the Roman Catholic Church, he dissolved and physically destroyed most of the…

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The Stuarts and Civil War

The town bridge  was replaced again, probably in 1617, but this time entirely in masonry. The bridge was clearly of great importance as it allowed…

St Neots from the Iron Age to the Vikings

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Pre-Roman

There is evidence for Iron Age and earlier settlement in the vicinity of St Neots, mainly in the valley of the River Great Ouse where soils are…

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Roman

During the Roman period, from the mid 1st century to the mid-5th century, the nearest large settlement was at Godmanchester, with another at Sandy.

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Anglo-Saxon and Viking

There is some documentary evidence from this period, and also ample archaeological remains, mostly in and around Eynesbury (Ernulf's Burgh), Eaton…